Purpose of review
This paper assesses social science research relating to BECCS and considers the applicability of research on CCS to BECCS.
In recent years, social science research on CCS and BECCS has gone beyond an evaluation of public acceptance to provide a more nuanced analysis of the wider social political, ethical and governance contexts in which large scale deployment might be achieved. This raises issues at global, local and regional scales, requiring a wide array of methods and approaches.
Awareness of the scale and urgency needed to act on climate change is growing and the role of BECCS in delivering carbon dioxide removal forms a central argument for the use of this family of technologies. Here, framing becomes a critical factor in how society responds to BECCS technologies and we argue that making the case for BECCS as a means of extending mitigation to make a ‘net zero’ goal achievable, could be the key to its acceptable and sustainable deployment.