Association between Bone marrow lesions & synovitis and symptoms in symptomatic knee osteoarthritis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  • External authors:
  • T.A. Perry
  • R.J. Hodgson
  • N.K. Arden

Abstract

Objective
Bone marrow lesions (BMLs) on MRI are typically subchondral in location, however, a proportion occur at knee ligament attachments and also include a cyst-like component. Our aim was to determine whether the volume of BML subtypes and synovial tissue volume (STV) was associated with symptoms in symptomatic knee OA.

Method
Images were acquired in a sub-sample who had taken part in a randomised trial of vitamin D therapy in knee OA (UK-VIDEO). Contrast-enhanced (CE) MRI was performed annually. In those who had ≥1 follow-up and a baseline scan (N = 50), STV and BML volume was assessed. BMLs were categorised by location and by the presence/absence of a cyst-like component. WOMAC was assessed annually. We used fixed-effect panel-regression modelling to examine the association between volume and symptoms.

Results
There was no association between knee pain and total subchondral BML volume (b = 0.3 WOMAC units, 95% CI -0.3 to 1.0) or total ligament-based BML volume (b = 1.9, 95% CI -1.6 to 5.3). The volume of subchondral BMLs with a cyst-like component was not associated with pain (b = 0.8, 95% CI -0.5 to 2.1) however, the volume of the cyst-like component itself was associated with pain (b = 51.8, 95% CI 14.2 to 89.3). STV was associated with pain (b = 2.2, 95% CI 0.6 to 3.7).

Conclusion
The volume of the cyst-like component from subchondral BMLs with a cyst-like component was associated with knee pain. BML location, however, did not influence symptoms. STV was also associated with knee symptoms.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Article number12.002
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Volume12
Early online date23 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020