The paper presents an analysis of advanced technology classifications development. Despite the
variety of technology types – advanced, emerging, disruptive, enabling, best available – the focus of
the study is made on the first type considering their precedent character, crucial role for
manufacturing and overall economic development.
Various approaches to define the term ‘advanced technology’ as well as gradual evolution of the
definitions and classifications are demonstrated in the paper. It is argued that the initial
understanding of advanced technologies was formed in early 1990s and characterized increase in
efficiency, hardware and software usage, robotics, etc. Further rapid progress of science and
technology in 1990-2010s led to the expansion of the concept by the means of technologies based
on fast computing, primarily used for design, control and track of manufacturing activities as well
as micro- and nanotechnologies. Moreover, indicators used for measurement of their development
and use are compared.