Application of SAFT-VRE in the Flowsheet Simulation of an Advanced PUREX Process

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Abstract

SAFT-VRE is an extension of the statistical associating fluid theory for potentials of variable range (SAFT-VR) that can be used to describe the thermodynamic properties of strong-electrolyte solutions. Here the SAFT-VRE method is used in a flowsheet simulation code to calculate the densities of uranyl-nitric acid aqueous solutions and the activities of species that are needed for the calculation of the distribution coefficients of nitric acid and uranium in the nitric acid – 30 % tributyl phosphate (TBP) extraction system that is used in an advanced PUREX process for the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuels. Simulation results of both single stage extraction experiments and of a multistage flowsheet test showed that the SAFT-VRE method can be used in flowsheet simulations with a reasonable accuracy, thus demonstrating for the first time that thermodynamically based meso-scale SAFT-VRE models can be linked to the macro-scale model of the PUREX solvent extraction process.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalIndustrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Early online date11 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019