An investigation of the anti-inflammatory effects and a potential biomarker of PI3Kδ inhibition in COPD T cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  • External authors:
  • Sally Worsley
  • Srividya Sriskantharajah
  • Augustin Amour
  • Edith M. Hessel

Abstract

Lymphocyte numbers are increased in the lungs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase delta (PI3Kδ) is involved in lymphocyte activation. We investigated the effect of PI3Kδ inhibition on cytokine release from COPD lymphocytes. We also evaluated phosphorylated ribosomal S6 protein (rS6) as a potential biomarker of PI3Kδ activation. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells isolated from healthy never smokers (HNS), smokers (S)
and COPD patients were stimulated to induce a T cell receptor response. The effects of a PI3Kδ specific inhibitor (GSK045) on cytokine release and rS6 phosphorylation were measured by Luminex and flow cytometry respectively. The effects of GSK045 on cytokine production from PHA stimulated chopped lung samples were investigated. GSK045 reduced cytokine release from PBMCs, BAL cells and chopped lung. Inhibition was greatest in the chopped lung model, with approximately 80% inhibition of IFNγ, IL-2, IL-17 and IL-10.
PI3Kδ inhibition suppressed rS6 phosphorylation in unstimulated airway T-lymphocytes by up to 60%. Inhibition of PI3Kδ suppressed T cell cytokine production in COPD patients. rS6 phosphorylation shows potential as a biomarker to assess PI3Kδ activity.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology
Volume44
Issue number9
Early online date10 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017