Adaptive radiotherapy for long course neo-adjuvant treatment of rectal cancer.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Jasper Nijkamp
  • Corrie Marijnen
  • Marcel van Herk
  • Baukelien van Triest
  • Jan-Jakob Sonke


PURPOSE: To quantify the potential margin reduction with adaptive radiotherapy (ART) during neo-adjuvant treatment of locally-advanced rectal cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Repeat CT scans were acquired for 28 patients treated with 25×2 Gy, daily during the first week, and followed by weekly scans. The CTV was delineated on all scans, and shape variation was estimated. Five ART strategies were tested, consisting of an average CTV over the planning CT and one to five repeat CTs. Required PTV margins were calculated for adapted and non-adapted treatment. The strategy with the least PTV volume over the whole treatment was selected and bowel area dose reduction was estimated. RESULTS: Substantial systematic and random shape variation demanded for a PTV margin up to 2.4 cm at the upper-anterior part of the CTV. Plan adaptation after fraction 4 resulted in a maximum 0.7 cm margin reduction and a significant PTV reduction from 1185 to 1023 cc (p

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalRadiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012