INTRODUCTION: To explore the potential link between macular atrophy (MA) of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment.
METHODS: Through a balanced overview of the field from a largely clinical perspective, we looked at available evidence on the topic of MA correlation with anti-VEGF therapy and examined possible risk factors for MA development in the context of nAMD treatment with anti-VEGF.
RESULTS: Links have been reported to connect both MA incidence and progression to treatment frequency and to the anti-VEGF drug type.
CONCLUSIONS: All reports agree on the fact that de novo development of MA in anti-VEGF-treated eyes is frequent and multifactorial. Research data shows an expansion of atrophy during anti-VEGF treatment. There are mixed conclusions about the correlation of MA incidence or progression with treatment-related risk factors. It mostly appears that there is no straightforward link. More clinical research is still needed to further understand this association.