A real-time simulator of a biological visual system composed of a silicon retina and SpiNNaker chips

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Abstract

To understand the functional roles of visual neurons in the retina and the visual cortex, responses of a visual neuronal network under natural visual environments should be investigated. In this study, we developed an emulation platform for reproducing neural activities in the retina and the visual cortex with the following features: real-time reproduction of neural activities with physiologically feasible spatio-temporal properties and configurable model structure. To achieve both real-time simulation and configurability, we employed a mixed analog-digital architecture with multiple parallel processing techniques. The system was composed of a silicon retina with analog resistive networks, a field-programmable gate array, and SpiNNaker chips. The emulation system was successful in simulating a part of the retinal and cortical circuits at 200 Hz.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2014 International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics (AROB 2014)
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2014
Event2014 International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics (AROB 2014) - Beppu, Japan
Event duration: 22 Jan 201424 Jan 2014

Conference

Conference2014 International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics (AROB 2014)
CityBeppu, Japan
Period22/01/1424/01/14