A randomised controlled trial of wax baths as an additive therapy to hand exercises in patients with systemic sclerosisCitation formats

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@article{cabdcf26d1ad4d5f91432362e5043ef8,
title = "A randomised controlled trial of wax baths as an additive therapy to hand exercises in patients with systemic sclerosis",
abstract = "ObjectiveThe musculoskeletal features of systemic sclerosis (SSc) are a major cause of disability, causing limitations to movement and function. The study aim was to compare the effects of daily hand exercises with or without daily home wax bath hand treatment in patients with SSc.DesignAssessor-blinded randomised controlled trial of parallel group design.SettingSingle participating centre, undertaken in secondary care and in participants homes.Participants36 participants with hand skin tightening of SSc, two participants lost to follow up.InterventionsParticipants were randomised into wax bath versus no wax bath groups. Both groups in addition performed regular hand exercises as part of standard care. The study period was 9 weeks, with further measures of outcome undertaken at 18 weeks.Main outcome measuresThe primary outcome measure was the Hand Mobility in Scleroderma test (HAMIS). Secondary outcomes measures were the Scleroderma Health Assessment Questionnaire, grip and pinch strength and the Cochin Hand Function Scale.ResultsBetween group comparisons of HAMIS scores showed no evidence of effectiveness of the wax bath treatment at 9-week follow up (adjusted difference in means (95{\%} CI) experimental-control −1.47 (−3.55 to 0.61), P = 0.16) or at 18-week follow up (adjusted difference in means (95{\%} CI) experimental-control 1.94 (−1.07 to 4.95), P = 0.20). Analysis of secondary outcomes also showed no evidence for effectiveness of the wax bath treatment at either 9 or 18 weeks.ConclusionOur findings suggest that the addition of regular wax bath treatment confers no additional beneficial effect to standard care with daily home exercises.",
author = "Gregory, {William J.} and Jack Wilkinson and Herrick, {Ariane L.}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.physio.2018.08.008",
language = "English",
journal = "Physiotherapy",
issn = "0031-9406",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A randomised controlled trial of wax baths as an additive therapy to hand exercises in patients with systemic sclerosis

AU - Gregory, William J.

AU - Wilkinson, Jack

AU - Herrick, Ariane L.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - ObjectiveThe musculoskeletal features of systemic sclerosis (SSc) are a major cause of disability, causing limitations to movement and function. The study aim was to compare the effects of daily hand exercises with or without daily home wax bath hand treatment in patients with SSc.DesignAssessor-blinded randomised controlled trial of parallel group design.SettingSingle participating centre, undertaken in secondary care and in participants homes.Participants36 participants with hand skin tightening of SSc, two participants lost to follow up.InterventionsParticipants were randomised into wax bath versus no wax bath groups. Both groups in addition performed regular hand exercises as part of standard care. The study period was 9 weeks, with further measures of outcome undertaken at 18 weeks.Main outcome measuresThe primary outcome measure was the Hand Mobility in Scleroderma test (HAMIS). Secondary outcomes measures were the Scleroderma Health Assessment Questionnaire, grip and pinch strength and the Cochin Hand Function Scale.ResultsBetween group comparisons of HAMIS scores showed no evidence of effectiveness of the wax bath treatment at 9-week follow up (adjusted difference in means (95% CI) experimental-control −1.47 (−3.55 to 0.61), P = 0.16) or at 18-week follow up (adjusted difference in means (95% CI) experimental-control 1.94 (−1.07 to 4.95), P = 0.20). Analysis of secondary outcomes also showed no evidence for effectiveness of the wax bath treatment at either 9 or 18 weeks.ConclusionOur findings suggest that the addition of regular wax bath treatment confers no additional beneficial effect to standard care with daily home exercises.

AB - ObjectiveThe musculoskeletal features of systemic sclerosis (SSc) are a major cause of disability, causing limitations to movement and function. The study aim was to compare the effects of daily hand exercises with or without daily home wax bath hand treatment in patients with SSc.DesignAssessor-blinded randomised controlled trial of parallel group design.SettingSingle participating centre, undertaken in secondary care and in participants homes.Participants36 participants with hand skin tightening of SSc, two participants lost to follow up.InterventionsParticipants were randomised into wax bath versus no wax bath groups. Both groups in addition performed regular hand exercises as part of standard care. The study period was 9 weeks, with further measures of outcome undertaken at 18 weeks.Main outcome measuresThe primary outcome measure was the Hand Mobility in Scleroderma test (HAMIS). Secondary outcomes measures were the Scleroderma Health Assessment Questionnaire, grip and pinch strength and the Cochin Hand Function Scale.ResultsBetween group comparisons of HAMIS scores showed no evidence of effectiveness of the wax bath treatment at 9-week follow up (adjusted difference in means (95% CI) experimental-control −1.47 (−3.55 to 0.61), P = 0.16) or at 18-week follow up (adjusted difference in means (95% CI) experimental-control 1.94 (−1.07 to 4.95), P = 0.20). Analysis of secondary outcomes also showed no evidence for effectiveness of the wax bath treatment at either 9 or 18 weeks.ConclusionOur findings suggest that the addition of regular wax bath treatment confers no additional beneficial effect to standard care with daily home exercises.

U2 - 10.1016/j.physio.2018.08.008

DO - 10.1016/j.physio.2018.08.008

M3 - Article

JO - Physiotherapy

T2 - Physiotherapy

JF - Physiotherapy

SN - 0031-9406

ER -