A dynamic, spatially periodic, micro-pattern of HES5 underlies neurogenesis in the mouse spinal cord

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Abstract

Ultradian oscillations of HES Transcription Factors (TFs) at the single cell level, enable cell state transitions. However, the tissue level organisation of HES5 dynamics in neurogenesis is unknown. Here, we analyse the expression of HES5 ex-vivo in the developing mouse ventral spinal cord and identify microclusters of 4-6 cells with positively correlated HES5 level and ultradian dynamics. These microclusters are spatially periodic along the dorsoventral axis and temporally dynamic, alternating between high and low expression with a supra-ultradian persistence time. We show that Notch signaling is required for temporal dynamics but not the spatial periodicity of HES5. Few Neurogenin-2 cells are observed per cluster, irrespective of high or low state, suggesting that the microcluster organization of HES5 enables the stable selection of differentiating cells. Computational modelling predicts that different cell coupling strengths underlie the HES5 spatial patterns and rate of differentiation, which is consistent with comparison between the motoneuron and interneuron progenitor domains. Our work shows a previously unrecognised spatiotemporal organisation of neurogenesis, emergent at the tissue level from the synthesis of single cell dynamics.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Systems Biology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 6 Apr 2021