A comparison of residual stresses in multi pass narrow gap laser welds and gas-tungsten arc welds in AISI 316L stainless steel

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Thick-section austenitic stainless steels have widespread industrial applications, especially in nuclear power plants. The joining methods used in the nuclear industry are primarily based on arc welding processes. However, it has recently been shown that narrow gap laser welding (NGLW) can weld materials with thicknesses that are well beyond the capabilities of single pass autogenous laser welding. The heat input for NGLW is much lower than for arc welding, as are the expected levels of residual stress and distortion. This paper reports on a preliminary investigation of the through-thickness 2D residual stresses distributions, distortions, and plastic strain characteristics, for the NGLW process using material thicknesses up to 20 mm. The results are compared with those obtained with gas-tungsten arc (GTA) welding. While further work is required on thicker test pieces, preliminary results suggest that the longitudinal tensile residual stresses in NGLW joints are 30-40% lower than those for GTA welds. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-59
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping
Early online date3 Dec 2013
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

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