4D CT amplitude binning for the generation of a time-averaged 3D mid-position CT scan.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • External authors:
  • Matthijs F Kruis
  • Jeroen B van de Kamer
  • José S A Belderbos
  • Jan-Jakob Sonke
  • Marcel van Herk

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop a method to use amplitude binned 4D-CT (A-4D-CT) data for the construction of mid-position CT data and to compare the results with data created from phase-binned 4D-CT (P-4D-CT) data. For the latter purpose we have developed two measures which describe the regularity of the 4D data and we have tried to correlate these measures with the regularity of the external respiration signal. 4D-CT data was acquired for 27 patients on a combined PET-CT scanner. The 4D data were reconstructed twice, using phase and amplitude binning. The 4D frames of each dataset were registered using a quadrature-based optical flow method. After registration the deformation vector field was repositioned to the mid-position. Since amplitude-binned 4D data does not provide temporal information, we corrected the mid-position for the occupancy of the bins. We quantified the differences between the two mid-position datasets in terms of tumour offset and amplitude differences. Furthermore, we measured the standard deviation of the image intensity over the respiration after registration (σregistration) and the regularity of the deformation vector field (Delta J) to quantify the quality of the 4D-CT data. These measures were correlated to the regularity of the external respiration signal (σsignal).The two irregularity measures, Delta J and σregistration, were dependent on each other (p

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Volume59
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2014

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