C.B.E. 2002, F.B.A. 2007
M.A. 1970, B.C.L. 1967
Assistant Lecturer in Law, Leicester University 1967-69; Fellow of Mansfield College, Oxford, 1969-75; Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Wolfson College, Oxford, 1975-78; Professor of Law, Newcastle University 1978-87; Professor .of Law, University of Manchester 1987-2008
Professeur Stagiaire, Legal Directorate, Council of Europe 1973; Visiting Fellow, Max-Planck Projektgruppe für Sozialrecht, Munich , 1977; Law and Economics Fellow, University of Chicago Law School , 1982; Visiting Senior Fellow, Emory University Law and Economics Center , 1982; Visiting Professor, University of Toronto Law School , 1985; Visiting Professor, Center for Law and Society and Law School , University of California at Berkeley (Fulbright Senior Scholarship), 1992; Gasthoogleraar, Faculty of Law, University of Antwerp , 1993; Visiting Fellow, Centre for Advanced Studies, Oslo , 1994; Visiting Professor, Faculty of Law, University of North Carolina , Chapel Hill , 1995; Visiting Professor, Université de Paris II, Faculté de Droit, 1995, 1998-2007; Distinguished Visitor, University of Toronto Law School, 2001; Visiting Professor, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires , 2001; Commerzbank Visiting Professor of Law, Bucerius Law School, Hamburg, 2002-04; Research Professor, University of Maastricht, since 1995; Erasmus Professor of Fundamentals of Private Law, University of Rotterdam 2008-2011
Other appointments include
Hamlyn Trustee, 1979-2001, Joint Editor, International Review of Law and Economics, 1981-96; Vice-Chairman ESRC Government and Law Committee, 1987; Member, Social Security Advisory Committee since 1994 (Vice-Chairman since 2005); Vice-President, European Academy for Standardization, since 2002.