Elvira graduated in Economics from The University of the Basque Country (Spain) in 1996. She also holds an MSc in 'Technical Change and Regional Development' from Cardiff University. In 1998, she completed the doctoral training programme at the Department of Applied Economics, at the University of the Basque Country. From 1998 to 2001she work as economist for the Spanish consultancy firm Informacion y Desarrollo. In 2001, for a period of 12 months, she was a Marie Curie Fellow at Policy Research in Engineering, Science and Technology (PREST), within the University of Manchester. In 2004 she completed her PhD in PREST, with the title 'Innovation, Knowledge and Regional Development: implications for innovation policies in less favoured regions'. She also holds a Postgraduate Certificate in Learnind and Teaching in Higher Education from the University of Manchester.